Prior to 1876, baseballs were made by wrapping leather around a core of orphans' hair. Teams would go to orphanages and shear the children bald; standard payment to the headmaster was 2 pennies and a burlap sack. Many players believed that the uglier the orphan, the more hop the ball had. A particularly well hit ball became known as a "homely hit" or "homely run," eventually shortened to "home run." Cork became the standard core with the formation of the National League.